We believe that informed patients are better equipped to make decisions regarding their health and well being. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics. Browse through these diagnoses and treatments to learn more about topics of interest to you. Or, for a more comprehensive search of our entire web site, enter your term(s) in the search bar provided.

What is a Podiatrist?

When To Call a Podiatrist

Foot Anatomy

Overview of Foot and Ankle Problems

Basic Foot Care Guidelines

Foot Problems

Achilles Problems

Ankle Problems

Arch and Ball Problems

Common Foot Injuries

Deformities

Diabetes and Your Feet

Diseases of the Foot

Fungus Problems

Heel Problems

Nail Problems

Skin Problems

Toe Problems

Vascular/Nerve Problems

Medical Care

Diagnostic Procedures

Orthotics

Pain Management

Surgical Procedures

Therapies

Fitness and Your Feet

General Information About Fitness and Your Feet

Exercise Those Toes!

Aerobics

Fitness And Your Feet

Sports and Your Feet

Stretching

Walking and Your Feet

Work Footwear

Foot Care

Basic Foot Care Guidelines

Athletic Foot Care

Blisters

Children's Feet

Corns and Calluses

Diabetic Foot Care

Exercise Those Toes!

Foot Care For Seniors

Foot Self-Exam

Pedicures

Self-Assessment Quiz

Women's Feet

Fungus Problems

Foot Odor and Smelly Feet

Shoes

Anatomy of a Shoe

Athletic Shoe Guidelines

Children's Shoes

Corrective and Prescription Shoes

What To Look For

Getting a Proper Fit

Men's Shoes

Women's Shoes

Your Footprint

Wear Patterns

Links

Government

Associations/Groups

Online Resources

 

 

As always, you can contact our office to answer any questions or concerns.



Swelling of the feet, ankles and legs, also known as edema, is often caused by an abnormal build-up of fluids in ankle and leg tissues. Painless swelling of the feet and ankles is a common problem, particularly in older people. It may affect both legs, including the calves and/or thighs. Because of gravity, swelling is particularly noticeable in the lower legs. Swelling in the legs and feet may also be a symptom of other, more serious health issues, such as heart failure, renal failure, or liver failure.

Common causes of foot, ankle, and leg edema include:

  • Blood pressure-lowering drugs.
  • Body fluid overload.
  • Burns.
  • Certain antidepressants.
  • Congestive heart failure.
  • Diagnostic tests.
  • Environment.
  • Estrogens and progestin oral contraceptives.
  • Extremity surgery.
  • Generalized allergy.
  • Glomerulonephritis or other kinds of kidney disorders.
  • Infiltration of an intravenous site.
  • Injury or trauma to the ankle or foot.
  • Insect bite or sting.
  • Long airplane flights or automobile rides.
  • Long-term corticosteroid therapy.
  • Medical treatments.
  • Medications.
  • Menstrual periods (for some women).
  • Pregnancy (mild to severe swelling).
  • Prolonged standing.
  • Starvation or malnutrition.
  • Sunburn.
  • Testosterone.
  • Venogram.
  • Venous insufficiency (varicose veins).

You can mitigate swelling by elevating your legs above the heart while lying down. Avoid sitting or standing without moving for prolonged periods of time. Avoid putting anything directly under the knees when lying down, and don't wear constricting clothing or garters on the upper legs.

Exercising the legs causes the fluid to work back into the veins and lymphatic channels so that the swelling goes down. Mild pressure applied by elastic bandages or support stockings can help reduce ankle swelling. A low-salt diet may also help reduce fluid retention and decrease the ankle swelling.