We believe that informed patients are better equipped to make decisions regarding their health and well being. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics. Browse through these diagnoses and treatments to learn more about topics of interest to you. Or, for a more comprehensive search of our entire web site, enter your term(s) in the search bar provided.

What is a Podiatrist?

When To Call a Podiatrist

Foot Anatomy

Overview of Foot and Ankle Problems

Basic Foot Care Guidelines

Foot Problems

Achilles Problems

Ankle Problems

Arch and Ball Problems

Common Foot Injuries

Deformities

Diabetes and Your Feet

Diseases of the Foot

Fungus Problems

Heel Problems

Nail Problems

Skin Problems

Toe Problems

Vascular/Nerve Problems

Medical Care

Diagnostic Procedures

Orthotics

Pain Management

Surgical Procedures

Therapies

Fitness and Your Feet

General Information About Fitness and Your Feet

Exercise Those Toes!

Aerobics

Fitness And Your Feet

Sports and Your Feet

Stretching

Walking and Your Feet

Work Footwear

Foot Care

Basic Foot Care Guidelines

Athletic Foot Care

Blisters

Children's Feet

Corns and Calluses

Diabetic Foot Care

Exercise Those Toes!

Foot Care For Seniors

Foot Self-Exam

Pedicures

Self-Assessment Quiz

Women's Feet

Fungus Problems

Foot Odor and Smelly Feet

Shoes

Anatomy of a Shoe

Athletic Shoe Guidelines

Children's Shoes

Corrective and Prescription Shoes

What To Look For

Getting a Proper Fit

Men's Shoes

Women's Shoes

Your Footprint

Wear Patterns

Links

Government

Associations/Groups

Online Resources

 

 

As always, you can contact our office to answer any questions or concerns.



Understanding the basic construction of shoes will help you make more informed decisions and select shoes that fit your foot and needs.

Shoes are made up of five major components:

  • The toe box is the tip of the shoe that provides space for the toes. Toe boxes are generally rounded, pointed, or squared and will determine the amount of space provided for the toes.
  • The vamp is the upper middle part of the shoe where the laces are commonly placed. Sometimes Velcro is used instead of laces.
  • The sole consists of an insole and an outsole. The insole is inside the shoe; the outsole contacts the ground. The softer the sole, the greater the shoe's ability to absorb shock.
  • The heel is the bottom part of the rear of the shoe that provides elevation. The higher the heel, the greater the pressure on the front of the foot.
  • The last is the part of the shoe that curves in slightly near the arch of the foot to conform to the average foot shape. This curve enables you to tell the right shoe from the left.

The material from which a shoe is made can affect fit and comfort. Softer materials decrease the amount of pressure the shoe places on the foot. Stiff materials can cause blisters. A counter may be used to stiffen the material around the heel and give added support to the foot.